IMPORTANCE OF AGRICULTURE TO THE WORLD ECONOMY

A striking feature in the early existence of man is his unconscious search for his basic needs (food, shelter, and clothing). The early man found the solution to this problem through agriculture. The early man introduced the cultivation of crops and rearing of animals to be able to solve his problem. Crops and animals were used as food and meat respectively, also plant woods and leaves were used for building shelter, then animal hides and skin he used for clothing.

The importance of Agriculture to the world is so numerous and prominent that it can’t be ignored, neglected or unappreciated. The World directly or indirectly depends on Agriculture because the sustenance of man depends largely on it. It is one of those instruments needed by man to promote healthy living and enhance sustainability of life.

The main objective of the introduction of Agriculture by the early man is the production of food. Food is very important to man and to animals as well. Food helps to nourish the body, provide nutrients needed for proper growth and normal functioning of the body. Food is produced by the cultivation of crops and rearing of animals. Food produced by Agriculture can process or eaten naturally.

In other words, the only medium in which food is made available to the World is through Agriculture.

Apart from the digital technologies in our World today, the World’s activities are controlled by Agriculture directly or indirectly. Clothes are manufactured everyday across the globe for body covering, for fashions and also for protection. All these clothes and fabrics are made from raw materials produced from plants and animal skin. Also foot wears are also made from Agricultural raw materials. With these few highlights it is obvious and not an understatement to say that Agriculture controls the fashion industry.

It is not a taboo to say that Agriculture plays a major role in controlling the activities of Education community. All the tools used in impacting knowledge are made from Agricultural raw materials. All the writing materials from the least to the greatest are products of Agriculture. Wood pulp used for making paper is a product of plant. Inks are made from colored pigments of plants, other educational tools like; pencils, desks, writing pads, to mention but a few are all products of Agriculture.

Now let’s take a look at the Medical field, drugs ( tablets or syrups), saline water and other medical related ointments are all products of plants and animals in the form herbs and animals products. All drugs and medical related products are all processed Agricultural raw materials. Without these raw materials drugs will never come into existence, because drugs are processed from herbs and animal products. Forensic chemicals used in detecting the cause of death of a human body are made from agricultural raw materials. In fact the importance of agriculture cannot be over emphasized.

In some African countries especially Nigeria in West Africa, it is unfortunate to note that Oil and Gas has reduced the practice of Agriculture which was once the country’s main source of revenue to nothing. But what the sector has not come to understand is that the secret of the presence of oil and gas is due to the existence of long decayed plants and animals underneath the earth. These decayed plants and animals undergo natural processes in the soil to form crude oil, which is the main raw material in oil and gas sector.

Construction industries can’t do without Agriculture. Woods for building bridges, raffia plants, and paint pigments are all products of agricultural raw materials. Most industries use Agricultural raw materials for the processing of their products. They solely depend on the agriculture for a steady flow of raw materials to enhance productivity.

Agriculture no doubt would and always be and continue to be the bedrock of economic development in the world. The development on earth no doubt started with agriculture. Agriculture is the sector of economy that makes use of nature and enhances it for the benefit of mankind. IT IS THE LINK BETWEEN NATURE AND THE WELL BEING OF MAN.

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issues in sustainable agricultural growth

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